Initiative 26 in Mississippi Endangers Women


Tomorrow, Mississippi residents will vote to fill their next State Senate and House of Representatives, an exciting prospect for an odd-numbered year. But Mississippi has also placed on the ballot Initiative 26, a constitutional amendment that will redefine the beginning of life as “the moment of fertilization, cloning, or the functional equivalent thereof.”

What the amendment doesn’t say, of course, is that it would likely ban hormonal birth control. It would stop pregnant cancer patients from having access to chemotherapy because it could hurt a fetus. If a pregnancy is ectopic — meaning that a fertilized egg has implanted outside the uterus — “the developing cells must be removed to save the mother's life,” but personhood says that the “developing cells” are just as important as the mother, so you can’t remove them. Instead, you can let those developing cells grow in a woman’s stomach or fallopian tubes or elsewhere until she dies — and those cells likely die with her.

Yes on 26, a pro-personhood amendment group, wants to know why anyone would “lie” about the fact that Initiative 26 bans “the use of hormonal contraceptives, including most forms of ‘the Pill.’” In the process, Initiative 26 supporters have shown how little they know about women’s reproductive health. Most forms of hormonal birth control work to prevent the expulsion of an egg from the ovum, and they also change the lining of the mucus to prevent sperm from fertilizing an egg. Most forms of birth control, including some that many women take to deal with heavy bleeding and cramps during menstruation, may also work to stop the implantation of a zygote on the uterine wall by “causing changes in the lining of the uterus.” Since the sperm has, at this point, already fertilized the egg (although a pregnancy is not yet established), Initiative 26 could block the sale of any hormonal birth control that may affect uterine walls — that is, most of them.

Initiative 26 causes a lot more harm than good, and its ambiguity has left outspokenly pro-life politicians like Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour concerned about the possible unintended consequences of amending the Constitution in this manner — so concerned, in fact, that he may actually vote against the amendment.

When we talk about “personhood,” we are discussing giving rights to a collection of undeveloped cells, regardless of the consequences for the women who are forced to harbor them. Initiative 26 doesn’t just “consider” the rights of a collection of cells, as supporters claim. Rather, the practical result of the constitutional amendment is the valuing of those cells over the potential mother. It could stop access to basic contraceptives, and with it, any sexual freedom. It will prevent pregnant women from doing anything that may harm a fetus — like accessing chemotherapy during cancer treatment. And it tells women that if they are raped, their inability to view children of the rapist as a blessing makes them moral failures. By granting “personhood” to developing cells, we are eliminating the personhood of women who become nothing more than vessels for those cells. Mississippi could do a lot better.

Photo Credit: starbooze