Washington was rushing toward a rare compromise between the White House and Democratic lawmakers on what to do for the first wave of assistance for those impacted by the rapidly spreading coronavirus. The goal of both parties is ostensibly to speed through immediate help, while punting for now on the much more politically contentious issue of a broad economic stimulus plan that could include tax cuts and bailouts for industry. The New York Times reported Wednesday that the coronavirus relief bill could include short-term funding for paid leave, increased unemployment insurance, food assistance, and money for small business.
Steven Mnuchin, the treasury secretary, said at a press conference Wednesday in Washington that he, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.), and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) were working “around the clock” on a solution for the relief package. “This is a little bit like a hurricane, and we need to cover these outside-of-normal expenses,” Mnuchin said.
Steny Hoyer, the second-ranking Democrat in the lower chamber, said the House would vote on its plan Thursday. But despite all the optimistic talk, the emergency legislation stalled overnight Wednesday as old partisan desires crept in. Republican leadership informed their Democratic counterparts Thursday morning that they opposed the bill in its current form, with Fox News's Chad Pergram reporting the specific gripes are with the degree of extension of paid sick leave, among other things.
Staying home from work, school, and other community gathering places is encouraged by doctors to mitigate community spread of disease. The Washington Post additionally reported that congressional Republicans and the White House were worried about the bill's cost and "potential burdens on employers." The spending package, unveiled by Democrats late Wednesday, called for billions in relief measures, including $2 billion for state unemployment insurance programs, expanded paid leave benefits for affected employees, $1 billion in nutritional aid, and guaranteed access to free diagnostic testing for coronavirus, per the Post.
Trump has already signed an $8.3 billion coronavirus aid package. The administration has also proposed waiving payroll taxes, to the tune of around $800 billion, as an economic stimulus. This would be in the same ballpark of costs as the bank bailout in 2008. The proposal has faced stiff headwinds from both Republicans and Democrats, though, who would rather target stimulus at those who need it most. “We are just appalled at the administration,” said Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.), adding, “We don’t think they should just throw money out of an airplane and hope that some of it lands on the people” who need the help.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell dismissed the bill brewing in the House as an "ideological wish list" from Democrats. Senate Democrats have released their own version of a relief plan, meanwhile, which according to the Times includes block grants for communities where coronavirus has effectively ended economic activity, public transit assistance, a six-month break for people paying back student loans and mortgages, and money for child care centers and schools where the virus has been found.
Meanwhile, the administration is proposing a plan to allow everyone besides the ultra-wealthy and corporations to defer payment of their income taxes beyond Tax Day on April 15, which would be equivalent to pumping $200 billion into the economy, according to Mnuchin. “That will have the impact of putting over $200 billion back into the economy, and that will create a very big stimulus,” he said.